In my humble opinion, these are some of the best photography books that I have read. They are not in any particular order.

Landscape Photography

01. Creative Nature & Outdoor Photography - Brenda Tharp

02. Mountain Light: In Search of the Dynamic Landscape - Galen Rowell

03. John Shaw's Nature Photography Field Guide - John Shaw

04. Lee Frost’s Panoramic Photography - Lee Frost

05. Digital Landscape Photography: In the Footsteps of Ansel Adams - Michael Frye

Techniques of Photography

01. Color Choices: Making Color Sense Out of Color Theory - Stephen Quiller

Editing Software

01. The Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 3 Book for Digital Photographers (Voices That Matter) - Scott Kelby

HDR Photography

01. Complete Guide to High Dynamic Range Digital Photography (A Lark Photography Book) - Ferrell McCollough

02. The HDR Book: Unlocking the Pros' Hottest Post-Processing Techniques - Rafael Concepcion

03. Photographic Multishot Techniques: High Dynamic Range, Super-Resolution, Extended Depth of Field, Stitching - Juergen Gulbins

Flash & Lighting Photography

01. Off-Camera Flash Techniques for Digital Photographers - Neil van Niekerk

02. On-Camera Flash Techniques for Digital Wedding and Portrait Photography - Neil van Niekerk

03. The Hot Shoe Diaries: Big Light from Small Flashes - Joe McNally

04. Speedliter's Handbook: Learning to Craft Light with Canon Speedlites - Syl Arena

05. Sketching Light: An Illustrated Tour of the Possibilities of Flash (Voices That Matter) - Joe McNally

06. Light It, Shoot It, Retouch It: Learn Step by Step How to Go from Empty Studio to Finished Images (Voices That Matter) - Scott Kelby

07. Kevin Kubotas Lighting Notebook: 101 Lighting Styles and Setups for Digital Photographers - Kevin Kubotas

08. Multiple Flash Photography: Off-Camera Flash Techniques for Digital Photographers - Rod Deutschmann

Composition

01. Within the Frame: The Journey of Photographic Vision - David duChemin

02. The Photographer's Eye: Composition and Design for Better Digital Photos - Michael Freeman

03. Learning to See Creatively: Design, Color & Composition in Photography (Updated Edition) - Bryan Peterson

General Photography Topics

01. Bryan Peterson's Understanding Photography Field Guide: How to Shoot Great Photographs with Any Camera - Bryan Peterson

02. The Camera (Ansel Adams Photography, Book 1) - Ansel Adams

03. Photography for the Joy of It: An Introductory Workshop for Film and Digital Photography - Freeman Patterson & Andre Gallant

04. The Negative (Ansel Adams Photography, Book 2) - Ansel Adams

05. 50 Photo Project - Ideas to Kickstart Your Photography - Lee Frost

06. The Portfolios of Ansel Adams - Ansel Adams, John Szarkowski

07. The Blue Day Book - Bradley Trevor Griive

08. Photo Inspiration: Secrets Behind Stunning Images - 1x.com

09. Photographing Women: 1,000 Poses - Eliot Segel

10. Picture Perfect Practice: A Self-Training Guide to Mastering the Challenges of Taking World-Class Photographs (Voices That Matters) - Robert Valenzuela

Exposure / Lighting

01. Understanding Exposure, 3rd Edition: How to Shoot Great Photographs with Any Camera - Bryan Peterson

02. Light: Science and Magic: An Introduction to Photographic Lighting 3th (third) Edition - Fil Hunter, Steven Biver & Paul Fuqua

03. The Confused Photographer's Guide to On-Camera Spotmetering - Bahman Farzad, Linda Voychehovski, Ron Smith

04. The Zone System for 35MM Photographers: A Basic Guide to Exposure Control - Carson Graves.

05. Understanding Shutter Speed: Creative Action and Low-Light Photography Beyond 1/125 Second - Bryan Petersen

06. Shotting in Sh*tty Light: The Top Ten Worst Photography Lighting Siutations and How to Conquer Them - Lindsay Adler

Night / Low Light Photography

11. The Complete Guide to Night and Low-Light Photography - Lee Frost

Filters

01. The Photographer's Guide to Filters - Lee Frost

Restoration of Photographs

01. Digital Restoration from Start to Finish, Second Edition: How to repair old and damaged photographs - Ctein

Portraits

01. Beyond Portraiture: Creative People Photography - Bryan Peterson

02. Portraits - Steve McCurry

03. People Pictures: 30 Exercises for Creating Authentic Photographs - Chris Orwig

04. FACES: Photography and the Art of Portraiture - Steve Biver

05. Dancers Among Us: A Celebration of Joy in the Everyday - Jordan Matter

06. Humans of New York - Brandon Stanton

Food Photography

01. Plate to Pixel: Digital Food Photography & Styling - Helene Dujardin

02. Will Write for Food: The Complete Guide to Writing Cookbooks, Blogs, Reviews, Memoir, and More (Will Write for Food: The Complete Guide to Writing Blogs) - Dianne Jacob

Boudoir Photography

01. The Naked and the Lens: A Guide to Nude Photography - Louis Benjamin

02. The Art Of Boudoir Photography: How to Create Stunning Photographs of Women - Christa Meola

03. Photo Sex: Fine Art Sexual Photography Comes of Age - David Steinberg

04. The Boudoir Photography Cookbook: 60 Recipes for Tempting Photos - Jennifer Rozenbaum

Film Photography

01. Film is Not Dead: A Digital Photographer's Guide to Shooting Film (Voices That Matter) - Jonathan Canlas, Kristen Kalp

Black & White Photography

01. From Oz to Kansas: Almost Every Black and White Conversion Technique Know to Man - Vincent Versace

02. Creative Black and White: Digital Photography Tips and Techniques - Harold Davis

Color Management & Printing

01. Fine Art Printing for Photographers: Exhibition Quality Prints with Inkjet Printers, 2nd Edition - Uwe Steinmueller, Juegen Gulbins

02. 301 Inkjet Tips and Techniques: An Essential Printing Resource for Photographers (Digital Process and Print) - Andrew Darlow

03. The Digital Print: Preparing Images in Lightroom and Photoshop for Printing - Jeff Schewe

04. Mastering Digital Print, Second Edition (Digital Process and Print) - Harald Johnson

05. Fine Art Printing for Photographers: Exhibition Quality Prints with Inkjet Printers  - Uwe Steinmueller, Juegen Gulbins

Autobiography

01. Vivian Maier: Out of the Shadows - Richard Cahan

02. Henri Cartier-Bresson: The Man, The Image & The World - Jean Clair, Philippe Arbaizar

03. Short Nights of the Shadow Catcher: The Epic Life and Immortal Photographs of Edward Curtis - Tmothy Egan

 

Here are some of the best travel books with great photographs that anyone can learn to compose from. They are not in any particular order.

01. One Planet: Inspirational Travel Photographs - Lonely Planet

02. Journeys of a Lifetime: 500 of the World's Greatest Trips - National Geographic

03. Sacred Places of a Lifetime: 500 of the World's Most Peaceful and Powerful Destinations - National Geographic

04. National Geographic Simply Beautiful Photographs - Annie Griffiths

05. LIFE Wonders of the World (Life: The Classic Collection) - Life

06. LIFE 75 Years: The Very Best of Life - Life

07. Off the Beaten Path: A Travel Guide to More Than 1000 Scenic and Interesting Places Still Uncrowded and Inviting - Reader's Digest

08. 1000 Places to See Before You Die - Patricia Schultz

09. Travel Photography - Time-Life

10. Travel Book - Lonely Planet

11. Where to Go When (Eyewitness Travel Guide) - DK Publications

12. The Most Scenic Drives in America: 120 Spectacular Road Trips - Robert J. Dolezal, Barbara Booth, Dolores York and Jerry Bates

13. National Geographic Rarely Seen: Photographs of the Extraordinary - National Geographic